Cockatoo Dwarf CichlidApril 16, 2021
The male cockatoo dwarf cichlid reaches a body length of 8 centimetres. The female is considerably smaller, reaching only 5 centimetres. The body shape is long and of middle height and the mouth is rather big with thick lips. The male is more colourful than the female, usually with red/orange dorsal and caudal fins. The leading 3 or 4 hard rays are elongated, and the ventral fins are clear. In colour, the female is quite dull but with a clear black line running along her flanks. Her background colour is a pale yellow, but this will become vibrant when mating or brood protecting. In addition, she lacks the elongated dorsal rays of the male and her ventral fins show a black leading edge. There are several colour forms that naturally occur in the wild; these include blues, yellows and some reds. Because of selective breeding, the colours are now much more pronounced. Both sexes have a dark line leading from the eye to the bottom of the gill flap.
The Cockatoo Dwarf Cichlid is found in the Amazon River basin, in tributaries of the Ucayali, Amazon and Solimões rivers from the Pachitea River to Tabatinga in Peru and Colombia where it lives in small shallow streams or lagoon-like waters in the rain forest. The fish prefer a water temperature between 24 and 28 °C. The bottom of these waters is covered with leaves that are used by the fish for hiding.
The female places her eggs inside the roof of a cavity or underneath a leaf. She takes care of the eggs by herself, while the male guards the territory. The eggs are salmon coloured.
One of the more interesting traits of Apistogramma cacatuoides is that of «sneaker» males. Due to the aggressive, territorial nature of the males, a submissive male will not develop the full «cockatoo» finnage nor the full male colouration. He will «pretend» to be a female and take any opportunities presented to mate with willing females. If the dominant male then dies, this submissive male will then develop the full finnage.
The Cockatoo Dwarf is one of the best-suited cichlid species for the planted aquarium. But because the male is highly territorial, the fish should be kept in pairs, trios (one male with two females), or harems (one male with many females), and in the company of peaceful tankmates like tetras. In the case of very large Aquariums, more males can be kept together, provided there is plenty of territories, such as wood, heavy planting, and caves. Females also can be highly territorial, not only when in brood care.