Basic Rules for Planting PlantsDecember 23, 2021
First of All
for planting, you need to use a soil soil in which the proportions of organic and mineral substances are balanced. It is advisable to use a high-quality soil that is designed for each specific type of plant.
great importance for the further growth and development of plants is attached to the characteristics of the soil. There are several types of soil: heavy (clay), light (sandy), acidic, alkaline and loamy. When digging holes, you need to take into account the type of soil, diameter and volume of the root system.
And the Third
quite an important point, the planting pit for coniferous and deciduous trees should be at least 60 – 80 cm in diameter and 70 – 80 in depth. It is necessary to prepare the planting pit carefully – this is not a hole for the roots, but a nutrient medium for the plant for many years.
The excavated pit is filled with a fertile mixture, which is prepared as follows: 5 – 10 kg of manure,
100 – 200 g of superphosphate, 150 g of potash fertilizers are added to the ground, the mixture is thoroughly mixed. A small amount of the prepared mixture is added to the bottom of the pit. The remainder of the mixture is left to fill the pit.
Support During Landing
After planting, the plants need to be watered abundantly at the rate of 10 liters per seedling. In areas with close groundwater occurrence, plants on dwarf rootstocks and a surface root system are chosen. They make shafts up to 3 meters wide and 70 cm high .
Planting deciduous shrubs on the site allows you to diversify and emphasize the decorative nature of the landscaping object. They protect your site from excessive attention of neighbors, dust and wind. Many shrubs are used to strengthen the slopes.
It is important to plant shrubs correctly at the right distance so that, growing, they do not grow together into impassable wilds. The distance when planting between plants in a single-row hedge is 50 x 50 cm, in a double-row 70 x 50 cm, the depth of planting is 50 – 60 cm, depending on the root system. When planting, the roots should be freely located in the planting pit and not bend.
Choosing a Place for Planting Plants
The planting site should be chosen according to the type of root system and the depth of groundwater. Plants with a superficial and spongy root system can be planted if the groundwater lies close, with a rod system in such places – do not plant.
The long-term practice of planting various trees and shrubs in problem areas with high groundwater standing has shown that the only acceptable way to improve the situation is to plant seedlings on prepared elevations – hills, ramparts. The height of the elevations is distributed taking into account the height of the maximum standing of groundwater, for each particular fruit tree or shrub in different ways. Stone crops do not tolerate close groundwater well and die.
Before planting plants near structures and buildings, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with certain rules. Closely planted trees with a superficial root system can lead to the lifting of the foundation by the roots. To avoid this, there are well-known standards listed below.
The Distance Between Buildings and Plants
The distance between the object and the plant during planting (in meters):
|Object||The Wall of the House||The Edge of the Roadway||From the Edge of the Sidewalk||Fences|
|Tree||5 m||2.5 – 3 m||1 – 1,5 m||1,5 – 2 m|
|Shrub||1,5 – 2 m||1,5 – 2 m||0,5 m||1 m|
Application of Fertilizers
The main nutrients necessary for the growth and development of plants introduced during planting – nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium – are introduced in the form of fertilizers. For the effective use of all types of fertilizers, you need to have the appropriate knowledge. All fertilizers are divided into mineral, organic and with the content of microorganisms. Organic fertilizers dissolve well, enrich the soil with nutrients and humus, improve its properties and structure, and also activate the vital activity of the necessary microorganisms.
Organic fertilizers include: manure, bird droppings, compost, sawdust. Manure contains all the useful elements necessary for the healthy development of plants. Fresh manure should never be applied. Application rate: once every two years at the rate of 5 – 6 kg. per 1 sq. m. Rotted cattle manure is more suitable for application to the soil. Chicken manure and liquid manure are suitable for the preparation of liquid top dressing. Sawdust is used to improve the looseness of the soil.
Mineral fertilizers are divided into nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. Nitrogen fertilizers contain one of the most important elements of nutrition, nitrogen, in a form that is easily accessible to plants. Its excess in the soil negatively affects the health of humans and animals, so it is necessary to strictly adhere to the recommendations for use. The most common universal nitrogen fertilizers include ammonium nitrate and urea. These fertilizers are absorbed by plants gradually, so it is better to use them in the spring.
Nitrogen fertilizers have a positive effect on the growth and development of plants. Potash and phosphorus fertilizers increase resistance to frost, drought. The most common fertilizers for autumn use are potassium chloride and potassium sulfate. They need to be introduced into the soil when digging in the autumn and as deep as possible, because phosphorus is sedentary. Superphosphate is added with the addition of humus for greater efficiency. This fertilizer acts quickly and is well absorbed by the roots.
Ash contains potassium and phosphorus, is an easily accessible remedy. It should be stored in a dry place so that the potassium is not washed out.
In the first year after planting, trees and shrubs need timely care. When transplanting plants experience stress, the root system is injured. In the first few months after planting, intensive watering is necessary, until the roots are completely moistened. In hot weather, watering is increased up to three times a week. Loosening is recommended to be carried out immediately after watering. This operation promotes oxygen access to the root system. Weeding is mandatory in the process of care. Weeds interfere with the development of plants, take away precious moisture and nutrients. Weeding should be carried out throughout the season as needed. Modern methods of combating any diseases, consists in timely detection of foci of diseases and carrying out preventive annual spraying of plants with fungicides.