The Mongolian Gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) is a small rodent belonging to the subfamily Gerbillinae. Body size is typically 110 – 135 mm, with a 95 – 120 mm tail, and bodyweight 60 – 130 g, with adult males larger than females. The animal is used in science and kept as a small house pet.
Mongolian Gerbils inhabit grassland, shrubland and desert, including semidesert and steppes in China, Mongolia, and the Russian Federation.
The soil on the steppes is sandy and is covered with grasses, herbs, and shrubs. The steppes have cool, dry winters and hot summers. The temperature can get up to 50 °C (122 °F), but the average temperature for most of the year is around 20 °