Planting PlantsDecember 22, 2021
Planting plants is a responsible procedure that requires compliance with exact deadlines. High-quality landscaping works begin with high-quality planting material. The planting material must be properly and carefully planted in order to take root and continue growing in the future.
First of all, it is necessary to determine which plants and with which root system are planned for planting. For trees that are sold with an open root system, you need to check that the roots are not withered. If the landing is carried out with a lump of earth, then the lump must be packed in burlap or mesh and in landing containers. Branches and bark of trees should be clean and without mechanical damage.
It is better to start planting plants as soon as they are on your site. If a place for planting has not yet been chosen, then the trees in containers are watered and put in the shade, with a lump and an open root dug for a short time.
The main goal of proper planting is to minimize the shock (stress) of the transplanted plant, and to return to a normal state of growth as quickly as possible. The period suitable for this: spring and autumn. Plants with a closed root system can be planted throughout the growing season, and only if agrotechnical standards are observed.
Planting Plants in Spring
Spring planting of plants has a number of advantages, due to the fact that the root system has time to take root well in the summer to get used to growing conditions, in the spring the growth of roots outstrips the growth of shoots, and the plant does not experience severe stress. For planting, seedlings 1 – 3 years old, standard, at least 70-80 cm are necessarily chosen. in height, the bark should be smooth, shiny, monotonously colored green or brown. The root system is well branched, without mechanical damage.
When planting seedlings with an open root system, the roots are pruned by a few centimeters, for laying a good root lobe. If the roots have dried up, they are put in water for a day with the addition of kornevin. Stone crops are planted in the spring. Seedlings of cherries, plums, apricots, cherry plums should be planted only in spring. In the spring period, according to the results of many experiments conducted by specialists to identify optimal planting dates, plants take root better, develop and persist.
Trees that are good to plant in spring are: maple, willow, chestnut, juniper, thuja. When digging up a tree, it loses part of its roots and therefore it is necessary to shorten its aboveground part by a third. The principle of post-planting pruning is to balance its aboveground and underground parts. Forming pruning of seedlings is done next spring.
Planting in the spring is carried out before budding. The time of spring planting is the moment from the complete thawing of the soil to the first swelling of the kidneys, the duration in the middle band of this period is three weeks.
Planting Plants in Autumn
Annual and two-year-old seedlings when planting should be of high quality, standard size 70 – 80 cm, with a well-developed, not chopped root system. The leaves must be completely cut off before planting. Pruned roots are unable to conduct moisture into the trunk and leaves, and the leaves continue to suck moisture from the seedling. According to this, plants planted with an open root system with foliage die from dehydration by spring. Autumn is a favorable time for planting shrubs with an open root system.
When digging in the autumn, dogwood, hawthorn, karagana, barberry, fruit bushes take root no worse than seedlings bought with a closed root system and are much cheaper. When choosing a site for planting any trees and shrubs, you should pay attention to the terrain of the site. Places in the lowlands are not suitable, since they are the coldest, which will lead to the freezing of seedlings in winter, or during the flowering period in spring in the presence of frosts.
The autumn planting of plants is longer in time than the spring planting. Planting seedlings in autumn begins approximately from September 15 to October 20. Before a steady cooling, trees and shrubs manage to take root. Later planting, due to drying of the roots, often leads to their freezing.
Planting Seedlings with a Bare Root System
With an open root system, as a rule, small deciduous trees and shrubs are planted. These plants are placed in a planting pit, which has either a flat bottom (for plants with a taproot) or a bottom in the shape of a mound (for plants with a branched root). In such a pit, the roots should be straightened from the center to the walls to bring them closer to their usual state of growth. The planting pit should be wide enough to avoid tangling of the roots. On seedlings, you can observe soil spots on the bark, this indicates the level at which the plant grew before it was dug, below this the plant should not be deepened by planting.
Planting plants with a bare root should be carried out with a sufficient amount of introduced soil. It is necessary to fill the root system well, eliminate air pockets, after planting, the soil should be well compacted.
Planting Seedlings in Containers
The first thing to do when planting a plant in a container is to remove the container and assess the condition of the root system. A seedling may be in a container not rooted, recently placed in a container, not having enough time to grow new roots. The principle of planting is the same as plants with an open root. On the other hand, the seedling may stay in the container for too long, as a result of which its roots are intertwined. This is not a bad thing, but the roots must be untwisted before planting and several vertical incisions must be made in order to cause a new growth of roots that will be correctly oriented.
Planting plants in containers is carried out by the same method as seedlings with an open root system. However, if the plant has been in the container for too long and the roots are intertwined, then it is necessary to untangle them, and make vertical incisions along the edges of the earthen lump.
Planting Plants with a Lump
Almost all large trees and shrubs are planted with a lump that is wrapped in burlap, it is biodegradable, but often a lump is wrapped in a metal mesh on top of the burlap. The upper part of the metal mesh must be removed at the time of planting, as it decomposes for a long time and slows down the flow of nutrients from the soil, which causes the plant to starve. It is important to monitor the level of the root neck when planting. The root neck for most plants should be 5 – 7 cm above the soil surface. If the plant is planted too deep, the root neck will be filled in, and the seedling may “suffocate”. It is important to apply mineral fertilizers that stimulate the root system. After filling the pits, a barrel circle is made along its outer side.