The Tubifex is supplied dewatered on a piece of paper. The water has been removed to make a net weight of the worms for cheaper postage. It’s perfect food for small or young fish. The worms are produced in parasites-free breeding facilities.
Tubifex also called the Sludge Worm, or Sewage Worm is a species of tubificid segmented worm that inhabits the sediments of lakes and rivers on several continents. Tubifex can be easily cultured in containers with 50- to 75-mm thick pond mud at the bottom, blended with decaying vegetable matter and masses of bran and bread. Continuous, mild water flow is to be maintained in the container, with a suitable drainage system. After the arrangement of the system, the container is inoculated with Tubifex worms. Within 15 days, clusters of worms develop and can be removed with mud in masses. When worms come to the surface due to lack of oxygen, they are collected and washed under a brisk stream of water to remove residual mud attached to their bodies.
It’s one of the primary live foods fed to virtually all freshwater aquatic animals such as fish, frogs, shrimp, snails, salamanders, crabs, crayfish, etc. It is very readily taken by all of them. Feeding live Tubifex to your aquatic animals you will find them much healthier maintaining their true colours. It’s perfect food for conditioning and breeding your aquatic animals. It’s recommended to mix them with other live foods to make a varied diet for your fish. Fish love the taste of Tubifex – even the pickiest eaters. This is probably a favourite food of Discus fish.
Upon the arrival of your Tubifex thoroughly rinse them with chemical-free pre-chilled water at approximately +5°…10°C until their runoff water is clear and clean. When placing them in your live Tubifex keeper or other containers make sure that your worms are no thicker than 1 cm. Keep a low 2 – 3 cm level of cool freshwater above them without covering their container since they need to be able to breathe. Keep your Tubifex in a fridge at +3°…4°C. To keep your worms fresh they should be rinsed at least once a day. Use only chemical-free pre-chilled water at the same temperature you keep them in when rinsing. Do not use aquarium or room temperature water. You do not have to feed your Tubifex if you don’t intend to breed them. Uneaten worms will not foul your aquarium, but do feed according to your aquatic animals and aquarium size.
Continuous, mild water flow is to be maintained in the container, with a suitable drainage system if you want to keep them in perfect shape for a few weeks.
The worms can survive with little oxygen by waving haemoglobin-rich tail ends to exploit all available oxygen, and can exchange carbon dioxide and oxygen through their thin skins, in a manner similar to frogs. They can also survive in areas heavily polluted with organic matter that almost no other species can endure. By forming a protective cyst and lowering its metabolic rate, Tubifex can survive drought and food shortage. Encystment may also function in the dispersal of the worm.